World Events that Matter in The Last Shade Tree

The Last Shade Tree’s characters participate in both fictional and true historical events, starting with the Cherokee Trail of Tears of 1838-39 and ending in the midst of the Russian occupation of Czechoslovakia. In between those years, they live through some dreadful WW II experiences. And overshadowing the later 20th-century history is the looming threat of nuclear war. As the articles on this page attest, some of the same scenarios remain with us today, either unresolved or waiting to repeat themselves. 


The Doomsday Clock

In my novel, the unimaginable comes true, and WW III destroys humankind and the environment, a disaster that compels my characters to take part in a ruthless repopulation scheme. The End of the World may be close in fact and not just in my novel. This article explains the deadly seriousness of the facts that are offered in the book’s fictionalized presentation.

2018 Doomsday Clock Statement • Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists

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The year just past proved perilous and chaotic, a year in which many of the risks foreshadowed in our last Clock statement came into full relief. In 2017, we saw reckless language in the nuclear realm heat up already dangerous situations and re-learned that minimizing evidence-based assessments regarding climate and other global challenges does not lead to better public policies.

Although the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists focuses on nuclear risk, climate change, and emerging technologies, the nuclear landscape takes center stage in this year’s Clock statement. Major nuclear actors are on the cusp of a new arms race, one that will be very expensive and will increase the likelihood of accidents and misperceptions. Across the globe, nuclear weapons are poised to become more rather than less usable because of nations’ investments in their nuclear arsenals. This is a concern that the Bulletin has been highlighting for some time, but momentum toward this new reality is increasing.

See the full statement from the Science and Security Board on the 2018 time of the Doomsday Clock.


75th Anniversary of the Japanese Internment Camps

The fourth and fifth chapters of The Last Shade Tree contain a poignant story about a Japanese-American couple living in California before and after Pearl Harbor. Their deportation to an internment camp gravely affects the people left behind. This article by the celebrity and activist George Takai powerfully humanizes this terrible event in our own American history.

George Takai / Sunday, February 19, 2017 (CNN)

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“On February 19, 75 years ago yesterday, President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued an executive order, No. 9066, which set the internment into motion. On its face, the order was “neutral,” authorizing the military to designate whole swaths of land as military zones, and evacuate any persons from it as they saw fit. But behind that facade lay a much darker purpose: to tear 120,000 innocent Japanese-Americans from their homes along the West Coast and relocate them to 10 prison camps scattered throughout the United States.

“Every year, on February 19, we Japanese-Americans honor this day as Remembrance Day, and we renew our pledge to make sure what happened to us never happens again in America. I am always amazed, and saddened, that despite our decades-long efforts, so many young people today are not even aware that such a tragedy and miscarriage of justice took place here. And I grow increasingly concerned that we are careening toward a future where such a thing would again be possible.”

Read the full article by George Takai. 


New Insights into the Trauma of the Drancy Concentration Camp

In one of the chapters, the heroine of The Last Shade Tree finds herself and her twin toddlers confined at Drancy in 1943. Although the humiliation and abuse they experience is fictional, their story may be many readers’ first introduction to this relatively unknown, but totally grotesque concentration camp. This article gives a new and heartrending angle to official acts sanctioned by the Nazis.

Inside the Paris Department Store where Nazis Shopped for Stolen Jewish Belongings


“When Paris was liberated from the Nazi occupation in 1944, an album of 85 photographs was found in a shop that had been used by German soldiers assigned to the “Furniture Operation” (Möbel Aktion), the official name for pillaging apartments that had been inhabited by Jews. The snapshots reveal a surreal display of furniture and everyday household goods as if it were an Ikea supermarket, merchandised to catch the shopper’s eye. Except in this case, the “shopper” was the Nazi, the “sales assistants” were Jewish prisoners and the “product” on sale had been looted from their Parisian homes....

“While the first three floors were used for the stock, the fourth was used as a rudimentary dormitory for the 795 Jewish prisoners who were “employed” there between 1940-1944, selected from the Drancy internment camp in the northern suburbs (the last stop before being sent to an extermination camp).... Mostly women, but also a specialised workforce of craftsmen, clockmakers seamstresses, potters, restorers and such, were forced to sort, repair, classify, stack and pack the furniture that had been mercilessly plucked from the very homes of their friends, families, neighbours and community who had been sent to their deaths.

“So much was pillaged from Jewish homes that it wouldn’t have been unlikely that the internees at Lévitan could have come across items from their own home.”

Read the full article here. 


Soul Wound: The Legacy of Native American Schools

Long after the main character of The Last Shade Tree graduates from a residential school, he struggles with tongue-tied shyness, the effects of a poor education, and depression brought on by the loss of his Cherokee heritage. In this article, real-life testimony exposes the human damage, summed up by native scholars as “soul wounds.”

By Andrea Smith •  AmnestyINTERNATIONALMAGAZINE (March 26, 2007)

Boys pray before bedtime with Father Keyes, St. Mary's Mission School, Omak. © Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture/Eastern Washington State Historical Society, Spokane, WA

Boys pray before bedtime with Father Keyes, St. Mary's Mission School, Omak. © Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture/Eastern Washington State Historical Society, Spokane, WA

“‘A little while ago, I was supposed to attend a Halloween party. I decided to dress as a nun because nuns were the scariest things I ever saw,’ says Willetta Dolphus, 54, a Cheyenne River Lakota. The source of her fear, still vivid decades later, was her childhood experience at American Indian boarding schools in South Dakota.

“Dolphus is one of more than 100,000 Native Americans forced by the U.S. government to attend Christian schools. The system, which began with President Ulysses Grant’s 1869 “Peace Policy,” continued well into the 20th century. Church officials, missionaries, and local authorities took children as young as five from their parents and shipped them off to Christian boarding schools; they forced others to enroll in Christian day schools on reservations. Those sent to boarding school were separated from their families for most of the year, sometimes without a single family visit. Parents caught trying to hide their children lost food rations.

“Virtually imprisoned in the schools, children experienced a devastating litany of abuses, from forced assimilation and grueling labor to widespread sexual and physical abuse.”

Read the full article here.


Hate Crimes in US Rising, Particularly in Big Cities

The main characters of The Last Shade Tree endure or witness fearful acts of inhumanity punctuated by the debilitating effects of racial prejudice. This article reminds us powerfully that the same acts can occur today as much as in the past.

Southern Poverty Law Center • August 2017 • The Year in Hate and Extremism

Image from the Ten Ways booklet; credited to Drew Angerer / Getty Images

Image from the Ten Ways booklet; credited to Drew Angerer / Getty Images

The radical right was more successful in entering the political mainstream last year than in half a century. How did it happen?

After half a century of being increasingly relegated to the margins of society, the radical right entered the political mainstream last year in a way that had seemed virtually unimaginable since George Wallace ran for president in 1968.

A surge in right-wing populism, stemming from the long-unfolding effects of globalization and the movements of capital and labor that it spawned, brought a man many considered to be a racist, misogynist and xenophobe into the most powerful political office in the world. Donald Trump’s election as president mirrored similar currents in Europe, where globalization energized an array of extreme-right political movements and the United Kingdom’s decision to quit the European Union.

Trump’s run for office electrified the radical right, which saw in him a champion of the idea that America is fundamentally a white man’s country....

The reaction to Trump’s victory by the radical right was ecstatic. “Our Glorious Leader has ascended to God Emperor,” wrote Andrew Anglin, who runs the neo-Nazi Daily Stormer website. “Make no mistake about it: we did this. If it were not for us, it wouldn’t have been possible.” Jared Taylor, a white nationalist who edits a racist journal, said that “overwhelmingly white Americans” had shown they were not “obedient zombies” by choosing to vote “for America as a distinct nation with a distinct people who deserve a government devoted to that people.”

Read the complete article here.  

We can take action! Check out this valuable statement, Ten Ways to Fight Hate.